9 – 12 Curriculum

ENGLISH


English 1

A required freshman course emphasizing the study of composition, literature, spelling, grammar, research, and study skills. (2 semesters)

English 2
A required sophomore course emphasizing the writing process. Thinking, composing, editing, research, vocabulary, grammar and usage skills are emphasized. (2 semesters)

English 3
A required junior course emphasizing language flexibility, sentence structure, and content development in the writing process. Emphasis is on organizing, developing, editing and revising compositions in exposition, narrative, argumentation, and persuasion. Also includes vocabulary development, oral communication and research skills. (2 semesters)

English 4
This senior level course is designed to present a variety of stories that enable the student to develop critical thinking skills and to relate each story to contemporary issues. The student will demonstrate creative writing skills and develop the various components of a short story, with a well-developed plot line. This course also develops literal, interpretive, critical and appreciative reading comprehension skills that will be demonstrated through artistic or graphic representation, or writing. (2 semesters)

 MATH


Algebra 1
Content includes solving and graphing equations and inequalities, the slope of a line, writing linear equations, systems of linear equations and inequalities. Interactive activities provide students with opportunities to explore and discover algebraic principles and encourage application of learned skills to real world problems. (2 semesters)

Geometry
Content challenges students to apply previously learned knowledge to higher level ideas such as reasoning and proof, Geometric Relationships, and Logic. This course covers fundamentals of shapes, surface area and volume of shapes, transformations, as well as learning strategies that include writing, analyzing, and using proofs. (2 semesters)

Algebra 2
This course provides further insight into Algebraic concepts. It develops students ability to manipulate and use matrices in various formats to determine data relationships and delve into function types such as polynomial, logarithmic, quadratic, exponential and rational and periodic. (2 semesters)
Trigonometry
Beginning with trigonometric functions and their applications, students cover angles, radian measures, circular trigonometry and the unit circle. Students extend understanding to trigonometric graphs, the effects of translations, the inverses of trigonometric functions, and the Laws of Sines and Cosines, followed by an exploration of trigonometric identities and applications and an introduction to the polar coordinate system, complex numbers, and DeMoivre’s Theorem.(2 semesters)

Pre-Calculus
Exploring the relationship between advanced algebra topics and trigonometry, this class is an informative introduction to calculus that will challenge students to discover and comprehend the nature of graphs, nonlinear systems, and polynomial and rational functions. (2 semesters)

SCIENCE


Physics 1
Encompassing the branch of science that studies non-living systems, this exciting course inspires students to explore key concepts and theories, each of which explains and/or models a particular aspect of the behavior of nature. (2 semesters)


Biology
A course in the study of of life and living organisms that examines biology and biochemistry in the real world. This course encompasses traditional concepts in biology and encourages exploration of new discoveries in this field of science. The components include biochemistry, cell biology, heredity and reproduction, plant and animal kingdoms, human body systems, and ecology. (2 semesters)

Chemistry
Includes laboratory safety, identification of equipment and chemistry techniques, using the scientific method, scientific notation, dimensional analysis, significant digits, atomic structure, comparing and contrasting atoms, ions, isotopes, elements and symbols, and electron configuration. Student activities include solving problems involving fractions at unity, determining atomic mass and atomic number, naming multivalent metals and nonmetals, forming binary and ternary compounds, and using the periodic chart to determine ionic charges. (2 semesters)

Physics 2
This course combines scientific inquiry with advanced mathematics. It is a stimulating course that will challenge students to to understand and explain how energy, matter, and motion are related. Engaging lessons introduce theories and experiments that encourage students to develop the knowledge and understanding necessary to support conclusions and numerical results. The course connects basic principals to more complex ideas in the areas of thermal energy, vibrations and waves, light and refraction, sound, electricity, and magnetism. (2 semesters)

Ecology
This course encompasses six major units which cover many aspects of science:  Ecology;  The Biosphere; The Land, Forests, and Soil; The Water; Energy and Resources; and Societies and Policies.  The course utilizes a 2 or 3 section lecture format to provide opportunities for mastery learning in smaller segments. The course  contains Global Connections lessons which include activities that merge material with real world issues pertaining to the environment. (2 semesters)

SOCIAL STUDIES


World History
This course encourages students to explore the major revolutions and social movements that have influenced different nations throughout the world. Students will be exposed to a variety of issues that have garnered opportunities for both conflict and cooperation in the modern world. (2 semesters)

Economics
This course is a study of the principles of economics that includes the concepts of supply and demand and how markets work. This course targets important aspects of the the world economy, including international trade and global economic challenges. It encourages students to apply the economic way of thinking to a variety of situations relevant to their everyday lives. (1 semester)

US/AZ History
This course examines the crucial political, social, economic, and cultural events that have shaped and enriched the history of the United States. Students will trace the experiences and effects of important historical and political figures from the early colonial era to the 21st century and explore historical events such as, the Civil War, America’s westward expansion, the Great Depression, World War I, World War II, and the Cold War while determining how each event affected the nation. (2 semesters)

American Government
This course provides students an opportunity to learn about the historical events, philosophers, and topical issues that helped create the democratic foundations of this nation, and it will introduce them to the founding fathers and expose them to ideas that shaped the nation. Students will identify important political leaders and trace the development of federal, state, and local government. This includes the philosophies and foundations of the US government, the organization of the branches of government, government on a state and local level, and civil liberties and laws. (2 semesters)

FINE ART


Art: Survey of Art 1A
Introducing art within a historical, social, geographical, political, and religious context to enable understanding of art and architecture through the ages. This class offers high-school students an in-depth overview of art through history, with lessons organized by chronological and historical order, and world regions. (1 semester)

Art: Survey of Art 1B
Covering art appreciation and the beginning of art history, this class encourages students to gain understanding and appreciation of art in their everyday lives. Presented in an engaging format, this course provides an extensive overview of many introductory themes: defining art, the cultural purpose of art, visual elements of art, terminology and principles of design, and two and three-dimensional media and techniques.(1 semester)

CAREER/TECHNICAL EDUCATION


Information Technology A
This course introduces students to the basics of Computer Science through a series of projects that allow for creativity and experimentation. Students will create a diverse portfolio of projects using Python, an open-source programming language used by professional programmers worldwide, as they learn about commands and functions, values and variables, GUIs, modular and object-oriented programming, and events and event-driven processes. (1 semester)

Information Technology B
In part II of this introductory series, students will deepen their knowledge of Python and develop their programming skills through a series of complex programming projects that require creative thinking and problem solving. Topics include arrays and sets, generators and namespaces, loops, packages and libraries, and file handling. Students will also learn to program simple games. NOTE: Computer Science A is a pre-requisite for this class.(1 semester)

Business Management 1
Students will master the basics of planning and launching a business of their own. Whether they are interested in creating a money-making business or a nonprofit to help others, this course will give them the core skills they will need to succeed as they learn about real-life teen entrepreneurs, characteristics of successful entrepreneurs, pros and cons of self-employment, and how to attract investors and manage expenses. Students will learn about setting personal visions and goals for their business, sales stages, opportunities and strategies, planning and budgeting, and interpersonal communication in the workplace.(2 semesters)

Marketing 1
In this class, students will master the basics of marketing, including core concepts of financing, pricing, distribution, and product management. They will learn the basics of economic systems, efficiency and productivity, managing business finances, minimizing risk, and promoting and advertising a business. Students will complete a comprehensive marketing plan for a new business. Students will also learn about real-life stories from marketing professionals, sales techniques, hiring employees, applying and interviewing for jobs, and writing and formatting business documents using OpenOffice.org ®. (2 semesters)

Business Applications 1
Offering insight into the Suite of products most used by working professionals, this class will challenge high-school students to become proficient in Word®, Excel®, PowerPoint®, and Outlook® through engaging lessons and coursework. NOTE: Office 2007 is required for this class. (1 semester)

Career Explorations
This class will provide knowledge and insight necessary to compete in the challenging job market of today. This relevant and timely course helps students investigate careers as they apply to personal interests and abilities, develop skills and job search documents needed to enter the workforce, explore the rights of workers and traits of effective employees, and address the importance of professionalism and responsibility as careers change and evolve. (1 semester)

HEALTH


Health
Encouraging students to make responsible, respectful, informed, and capable decisions about topics that affect the well-being of themselves and others, this class will provide students with comprehensive information they can utilize to develop healthy attitudes and behavior patterns. (1 semester)


ELECTIVES


Financial Services A
This course will teach students the fundamentals of consumer skills. (1 semester)

Financial Services B
This course will teach students fundamental economic principles and the basics of managing their money. It will help them understand the world of finance as they learn about financial planning, creating a budget, filling out tax forms, opening bank accounts, and saving money for the future. (1 semester)

Nutrition & Fitness
Exploring fitness topics such as safe exercising and injury prevention, nutrition and weight management, consumer product evaluation, and stress management, this class equips high-school students with the skills they need to achieve lifetime fitness. (1 semester)

French 1
Students are introduced to French with fundamental building blocks in four key areas of foreign language study: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Each unit consists of an ongoing adventure story, a vocabulary theme and grammar concept, interactive games reinforcing vocabulary and grammar, reading and listening comprehension, speaking and writing, and multimedia cultural presentations covering major French-speaking areas in Europe and the world. (2 semesters)

French 2
Students continue their introduction to French with fundamental building blocks in four key areas of foreign language study: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Each unit consists of an ongoing adventure story, a vocabulary theme and grammar concept, interactive games reinforcing vocabulary and grammar, reading and listening comprehension, speaking and writing, and multimedia cultural presentations covering major French-speaking areas in Europe and the world. (2 semesters)

French 3
In this course, students deepen their focus on four key skills in foreign language acquisition: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. In addition, students read significant works of French literature and respond orally or in writing to these works. Building on what students encountered in the first two years, consists of an ongoing adventure story, a vocabulary theme and grammar concept, interactive games reinforcing vocabulary and grammar, reading and listening comprehension, speaking and writing, and multimedia cultural presentations covering major French-speaking areas in Europe and the world. (2 semesters)

German 1
Students are introduced to German with fundamental building blocks in four key areas of foreign language study: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Each unit consists of an ongoing adventure story, a vocabulary theme and grammar concept, interactive games reinforcing vocabulary and grammar, reading and listening comprehension, speaking and writing, and multimedia cultural presentations covering major German-speaking areas in Europe. (2 semesters)

German 2
Students continue their introduction to German with fundamental building blocks in four key areas of foreign language study: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Each unit consists of an ongoing adventure story, a vocabulary theme and grammar concept, interactive games reinforcing vocabulary and grammar, reading and listening comprehension, speaking and writing, and multimedia cultural presentations covering major German-speaking areas in Europe. (2 semesters)

Psychology
Offering an introduction to the fascinating field of psychology, this class will challenge high school students to develop an understanding of the biological aspects of psychology, learning and cognitive development, the stages of human development, aspects of personality and individuality, and the development and management of psychological disorders. (2 semesters)

Sociology
Offers materials essential to understanding ourselves and the complexities of today’s society. includes understanding basic social units, social institutions, social norms and changes, each of which are relevant in our resent society. The study of sociology requires the students and teachers alike study various aspects of society from a non-biased point of view. (1 semester)

Spanish 1
Students are introduced to Spanish with fundamental building blocks in four key areas of foreign language study: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Each week consists of an ongoing adventure story, a new vocabulary theme and grammar concept, numerous interactive games reinforcing vocabulary and grammar, reading and listening comprehension activities, speaking and writing activities, and multimedia cultural presentations covering major Spanish-speaking areas in Europe and the Americas. (2 semesters)

Spanish 2
Students continue their introduction to Spanish with fundamental building blocks in four key areas of foreign language study: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Each unit consists of an ongoing adventure story, a vocabulary theme and grammar concept, interactive games reinforcing vocabulary and grammar, reading and listening comprehension, speaking and writing, and multimedia cultural presentations covering major Spanish-speaking areas in Europe and the Americas. (2 semesters)

Spanish 3
Students deepen their focus on four key skills in foreign language acquisition: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. In addition, students read significant works of Spanish literature and respond orally or in writing to these works. Building on what students encountered in the first two years of Spanish, each week consists of a vocabulary theme and grammar concept, interactive games reinforcing vocabulary and grammar, reading and listening comprehension, speaking and writing, and multimedia cultural presentations covering major Spanish-speaking areas in Europe and the Americas. (2 semesters)

High School Success Skills
Offering a comprehensive analysis of different types of motivation, study habits, and learning styles, this class encourages students to take control of their learning by exploring varying strategies for success. (1 semester)